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BasilOcimum americanum - has crucial oils that can be extracted and used as a spray to repel mosquitoes and flies. It has also been a successful repellent when grown nearby.

Clove - Syzygium aromaticum - a natural mosquito repellent plant you can use as a planting around the enclosure or use the oil from the clove to repel mosquitoes quickly.

Garlic - Allium sativum - is a natural way to repel insects. One way to use it is to cut up garlic and sprinkle it around your outdoor living areas as well as your garden. A yard spray can also be made. Garlic can even be mixed with natural aromatic oils in order to create a mosquito repelling body spray.

Citronella Grass - Cymbopogon nardus - is a plant which, when crushed, releases an oil. This oil can be placed directly on the skin to act as a mosquito repellent or a toner for bee bite, or mixed with other oils and liquids to make repellants.

Lavender - Lavandula angustifolia - Even though lavender is a smell often enjoyed by humans, lavender repels mosquitoes because mosquitoes dislike the scent lavender gives off. It can be planted in gardens or made into oil and applied to the skin or mixed with other oils to keep mosquitoes away.

Lemon Grass - Cymbopogon citrates - containing citronella, a natural oil that repels mosquitoes. In India, it is used as an anti-inflammatory medicine. Lemongrass has a wonderful aroma so that it is often used in perfumes and other toiletries.

  1. Basil
    Basil leaves hold many important features that can compete with others with respect to disease preventing and health promoting properties. Basil herb has compounds known to have anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties. The herbs' parts are very low in calories and contain no cholesterol, but are very rich source of many essential nutrients, minerals, and vitamins that are required for optimum health. Consumption of basil foods rich in vitamin-A has been found to help the body protect from lung and oral cavity cancers. Vitamin K in basil is essential for many coagulant factors in the blood and plays a vital role in the bone strengthening function by helping mineralization process in the bones. Basil herb contains a good amount of minerals like potassium, manganese, copper, and magnesium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids, which helps control heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase. Basil leaves are an excellent source of iron. Iron, being a component of hemoglobin inside the red blood cells, determines the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood.

  2. Ginger
    Pungent, spicy ginger root is a popular root herb of culinary as well as medicinal importance. The root, which composes unique phyto-chemical compounds, still finds a special place in many traditional Indian and Chinese medicines disease preventing and health promoting properties. Ginger root slices, boiled in water with lemon juice, and honey, is a popular herbal drink in ayurvedic medicine to relieve common cold, cough, and sore throat. Its extraction is used as a vehicle to mask bitterness and after-taste in traditional ayurvedic preparations. Gingerols increase the motility of the gastrointestinal tract and have analgesic, sedative, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial properties. Studies have shown that it may help reduce nausea caused by motion sickness or pregnancy and may relieve migraine.

  3. Lemon Grass
    Lemongrass herb has numerous health benefiting essential oils, chemicals, minerals and vitamins that are known to have anti-oxidant and disease preventing properties. The herb contains 99 calories per 100 g but contains no cholesterol. The primary chemical component in lemongrass herb is citral or lemonal, an aldehyde responsible for its unique lemon odor. Citral also has strong anti-microbial and anti-fungal properties. Its leaves and stems are very good in folic acid content (100 g leaves and stem provide about 75 µg or 19% of RDA). Folates are important in cell division and DNA synthesis. When given during the peri-conception period can help prevent neural tube defects in the baby. Lemon grass herb parts, whether fresh or dried, are rich sources of minerals like potassium, zinc, calcium, iron, manganese, copper, and magnesium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids, which helps control heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase.

  4. Oregano
    Oregano is a wonderful perennial culinary as well as medicinal herb. It has long been recognized as one of the "functional foods" for its nutritional, anti-oxidants and disease preventing properties. The herb parts contain no cholesterol; however, are rich source of dietary fiber, which helps to control blood cholesterol levels. It is used in the treatment of colds, influenza, mild fevers, indigestion, stomach upsets, and painful menstruation conditions. The active principles in the herb may improve the gut motility in addition to increase the digestion power by facilitating copious gastro-intestinal enzyme secretions. This marvelous herb is an excellent source of minerals like potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, and magnesium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps control heart rate and blood pressure caused by high sodium. Manganese and copper are used by the body as co-factors for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase. Iron helps prevent anemia. Magnesium and calcium are important minerals for bone metabolism. In addition, fresh herb is an excellent source of antioxidant vitamin; vitamin-C. Vitamin C helps the body develop resistance against infectious agents and scavenge harmful.

  5. Parsley
    Parsley is a popular culinary and medicinal herb, which is recognized as one of the functional food for its unique antioxidants, and disease preventing properties. Its leaves contain zero cholesterol and fat, but rich in anti-oxidants, vitamins, minerals, and dietary fiber. Altogether, the herb helps control blood-cholesterol, offer protection from free radical mediated injury and cancers. The essential oil, Eugenol derived from this herb has been in therapeutic application in dentistry as a local anesthetic and anti-septic agent for teeth and gum diseases. The herb is a good source of minerals like potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, and magnesium. Potassium is the chief component of cell and body fluids that helps control heart rate and blood pressure by countering the effects of sodium. Iron is essential for the production of heme, which is an important oxygen-carrying component inside the red blood cells. It has also established role in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease patients by limiting neuronal damage in the brain.

  6. Peppermint
    Peppermint has been one of the popular herbs known since antiquity for its distinctive aroma and medicinal value. The herb has a characteristic refreshing cool breeze sensation on taste buds, palate and throat when eaten; and on nasal olfaction glands when inhaled. This unique quality of mint is due to the presence of menthol, an essential oil in its fresh leaves, and stem. The mint herb contains no cholesterol; however, it is rich in essential oils, vitamins and dietary fiber, which helps to control blood cholesterol and blood pressure inside the human body. It gives a natural cooling-sensation that is being initiated when inhaled, eaten, or applied on the skin. It is rich in many antioxidant vitamins, including vitamin A, beta carotene, vitamin-C and vitamin E.

  7. Stevia
    Stevia plant is a small, sweet-leaf herb of South American origin used by native Guarani tribes of Paraguay since centuries. Stevia herb parts are very low in calories. Stevia extracts have several unique properties such as long shelf life, high temperature tolerance, non-fermentative and at the same time, being nears-zero calorie items. Consumption of Stevia reduces the risk of pancreatic cancer. It helps reduce blood sugar levels. Lab studies also confirm a reduction in blood glucose levels and an increase in the liver concentrations of glucose-6-phosphate, and of glycogen. Certain glycosides in stevia extract have been found to dilate blood vessels, increase sodium excretion, and urine output. In effect, stevia, at slightly higher doses than as sweetener, can help lower blood pressure. In addition, being a herb, stevia contain many vitals minerals, vitamins that are selectively absent in the artificial sweeteners.

  8. Turmeric
    Turmeric is native to sub-Himalayan mountain region and now grown widely in many parts of the tropical and subtropical regions as an important commercial crop. The plant grows to a meter in height and features aromatic, miniature plantain-like leaves. Turmeric has been in use since antiquity for its anti-inflammatory (painkiller), carminative, anti-flatulent and anti-microbial properties. This popular herb contains no cholesterol; however, it is rich in anti-oxidants and dietary fiber, which helps to control blood LDL or "bad cholesterol" levels. Fresh root contains very good levels of vitamin-C. Turmeric contains very good amounts of minerals like calcium, iron, potassium, manganese, copper, zinc, and magnesium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps controlling heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase. Iron is an important co-factor for cytochrome oxidase enzymes at cellular level metabolisms and required for red blood cell (RBC's) productions.

  • Bell peppers are typically sold green, but they can also be red, purple or yellow.

  • Tomatoes are very high in the carotenoid Lycopene; eating foods with carotenoids can reduce your risk of cancer.

  • Other vegetables soaring in carotenoids are carrots, spinach, sweet potatoes, and collard greens.

  • The majority of the nutrients in a potato reside just below the skin layer.

  • A horn worm can consume a complete tomato plant by itself in one day!

  • Yam and sweet potato is not the similar thing!

  • A baked potato (with skin) is a good source of dietary fiber.

  • Broccoli contains more protein than steak.

  • Peppers can encourage proper clotting.

  • Bell peppers are a great source of vitamin C. They contain twice as much (by weight) as citrus fruits!

  • Eggplants are members of the potato family.

  • Cucumbers have the highest water content of any vegetable.

  • Coriander is a member of the carrot family.

  • Broccoli has more vitamin C than an orange and as much calcium as a glass of milk.

  • Compost improves the quality of almost any soil, and for this reason it is most often considered a soil conditioner.
  • Compost improves the structure and texture of the soil enabling it to better retain nutrients, moisture, and air for the betterment of plants.
  • Incorporating compost into soil dramatically improves soil structure. Soil structure refers to how inorganic particles (sand, silt, clay) combine with decayed organic particles (compost, humus).
  • Soil with good structure has a crumbly texture, drains well, retains some moisture, and is easy to turn over. “Crumbly” is a rather vague descriptor referring to how it is held together. Crumbly soil allows air to penetrate and holds moisture well but allows excess water to drain away.
  • A well-structured soil with lots of small aggregates stays loose and is easy to cultivate. Compost helps improve all soil types, especially sandy and heavy clay soils.
  • When compost is mixed with clay soils, it binds to the clay particles forming larger particles that now have larger air spaces between them. These spaces allow better surface water drainage and air penetration.
  • Compost also adds nutrients to your soil. Compost contains a variety of the basic nutrients that plants require for healthy growth. In addition to the main three; nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium, of special importance are the micronutrients found in compost such as manganese, copper, iron, and zinc.
  • Compost attracts earthworms and provides them with a healthy diet. The presence of earthworms, redworms, centipedes, sow bugs, and other soil critters shows that compost is a healthy living material. The presence of these decomposers means that there is still some organic material being slowly broken down releasing nutrients as foods pass through their digestive tracts. They also represent balanced soil ecology.
  • Compost helps to control diseases and insects that might otherwise overrun a more sterile soil lacking natural checks against their spread. Leaf based compost is showing promise suppressing nematodes. Compost application to turf has suppressed many fungal diseases.
  • Soil pH also benefits with the addition of compost. This is a measure of soil acidity or alkalinity.
  1. Radish: With no difficulty you can plant radishes in your garden, just sow the seeds, mark the area and water them. Within 25 to 30 days you will be able to harvest some stunning radishes from your plants.
  2. Spring Onion: One of the quick growing plants in the vegetable category is the green onions. You can easily harvest the green onion stalk after three to four weeks.
  3. Cucumber: Cucumbers are one of the most favored vegetables all around the world; they taste great and are cool and refreshing.
  4. Zucchini: Another fastest growing vegetable from seeds is the zucchini. Zucchini are favorite vegetables in most countries, and they can grow well in the garden if provided with basic needs. Zucchini can grow within 70 days and can be harvested with ease.
  5. Peas: Peas also grow pretty fast when planted in a house garden. Once the pea has been sown in the soil, it will germinate within ten days. After 60 days the pods will appear which are full grown and ready to be harvested.
  6. Turnip: Turnips can also cultivate well in garden and can be harvested quickly too. After 60 days of sowing, they are ready to be harvested. After 45 days, the turnip leaves can be cut off.
  7. Mint: Mint is so vigorous that it will grow on almost any moist soil so it’s best to keep it in a pot to stop it spreading too far. Use it fresh picked from the plant or you can freeze it in ice cubes to use later on.
  8. Tomatoes: Tomato plants are so quick that you can almost watch them grow so they are the ideal easy vegetable for kids to grow. Choose a bush variety like ‘Cherry Cascade’ that can be planted in hanging baskets and window boxes. Bush varieties don’t require training or side-shooting so you only need to feed and water them.
  9. Beets: For an easy to grow root vegetable try beetroot. Beetroot can be sown directly into moist ground from March to July. As they grow, thin the seedlings to about 5cm apart. From May to September you can look forward to harvesting your own colourful, succulent beetroot.