Do you vision of harvesting your own home grown vegetables, but just don’t know where to start. Growing vegetable is an art which requires passion, enthusiasm and patience. There are vegetables to suit garden of every size. We at SankalpTaru understand your zeal towards growing vegetables by your own. This forum will explain in detail about procedures behind the cultivation of individual vegetables.
- Choose the time of year
Coriander won't survive in frosty conditions, but it doesn't like extreme heat either. The best time to start planting coriander is in late spring, between the months of March and May.
- Where to Plant
Select a patch of soil where the coriander will get full exposure to the sun. If you wish to cultivate the soil before planting, use a shovel, or spade to work 2 to 3 inches (5.1 to 7.6 cm) of organic mulch such as compost, rotten leaves or manure into the top layer of soil. Rake the area smooth before planting.
Sow the seeds about 1⁄4 inch (0.6 cm) deep, spaced 6 to 8 inches (15.2 to 20.3 cm) apart, in rows approximately 1 foot (0.3 m) apart. Coriander seeds need plenty of moisture to germinate, so make sure to water them frequently. They need about an inch of water per week. They should germinate in about 2 to 3 weeks.
Once the seedlings have reached about 2 inches (5.1 cm) in height, you can fertilize them with a water-soluble SankalpTaru Neem Solution and SankalpTaru Growth Booster. Be careful not to over-fertilize, you only need about 1/4 of a cup for every 25 feet (7.6 m) of growing space.
Stop the coriander plants from becoming overcrowded by thinning the seedlings when the coriander is 2 to 3 inches (5.1 to 7.6 cm) tall. Pull out the smaller plants and leave the strongest ones to grow larger, allowing 8 to 10 inches (20.3 to 25.4 cm) between each plant. The smaller plant can be used in cooking and eaten.
Harvest coriander by cutting off individual leaves and stems from the base of the plant, near ground level, when the stems are 4 to 6 inches (10.2 to 15.2 cm) tall. Use the fresh, new shoots in cooking, not the older, ferny-type leaves which can taste bitter.
- Don't cut off more than one third of the leaves at one time, as this can weaken the plant.
- Once you have harvested the leaves, the plant will continue to grow for at least two or three more cycles.
- When to Plant
The best time to plant is mid-autumn or early spring. It does less well in areas of high heat or humidity, or where there is a lot of rainfall.
- Choose a planting spot and prepare the soil
Garlic needs a lot of full sun, but it might tolerate partial shade provided it's not for very long during the day or growing season. The soil must be well dug over and crumbly. Sandy loam is best. The soil should be well drained.
- Source fresh garlic
Choose garlic from a store, or even better, a farm stand or the local farmers market. It's very important that the garlic bulbs chosen are fresh and of high quality. If you can, choose organic garlic so that you avoid garlic that has been sprayed with chemicals.
- Choose fresh garlic bulbs with large cloves. Avoid garlic that has become soft.
- Each clove will sprout into a garlic plant, so keep that in mind when you're figuring out how many heads to buy.
- If you have some garlic at home that has sprouted, that's great to use.
- Break the cloves
Be careful not to damage the cloves at their base, where they attach to the garlic plate. If the base is damaged, the garlic will not grow.
- Plant the larger cloves. The smaller cloves take up just as much space in the planting bed, but they produce much smaller bulbs.
Point the tips upward and plant the cloves about 2 inches (5cm) deep.
- The cloves should be spaced about 20cm (8 inches) apart for best growing conditions.
Suitable toppings include hay, dry leaves, straw, compost, well rotted manure, or well rotted grass clippings.
Newly planted garlic needs to be kept moist to help the roots to develop. Don't overdo the water, as garlic does not grow well, or may even rot, if sodden during cold months.
Garlic bulbs are ready to be harvested when you can feel the individual cloves in the bulb, and the leaves turn yellow or brown.
- Once the scapes start to dry, it is important to harvest the garlic or the head will "shatter" and divide into the individual cloves.
- Begin harvesting at the end of the summer. Harvesting can continue well into autumn in most places.
- Time to Grow
This cold-weather crop prefers temperatures between 35 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit if possible.
- Select your site
Though spinach prefers a mild climate and will not do well in extremely hot temperatures, it does like full sun. Spinach will produce in partial shade, though the yield may not be as impressive and the plants not as productive.
Spinach likes a mild, moist climate, but it will not do well in soil that floods regularly or does not drain well. If you cannot find an adequate plot in your garden you can opt for a raised bed or plant your spinach in a pot.
- Fertilize the soil thoroughly
Spinach likes soil rich in organic matter such as manure, alfalfa meal, soybean meal, cottonseed meal, blood meal, or any other high-nitrogen fertilizer. Be sure to mix a few feet of fertilizer into the soil to ensure adequate richness.
- Make sure to remove any rocks or hard clumps of soil before adding the fertilizer. You can use a rake to check for and remove any unwanted objects.
- Pull any weeds or voluntary plants that are growing in the planting area. These may compete with your spinach plants and crowd them and/or transfer disease to them.
Make sure the rows are spaced at least eight inches apart if planting in rows. Doing so allows the seeds to germinate without having to compete for space. Make sure to buy fresh seeds for planting each year, as they do not stay fresh for long.
- If you are transplanting seedlings, space spinach plants about 12 to 18 inches (30.5 to 45.7 cm) apart. This allows the seedlings to grow and expand their roots without competing with each other for space.
- You can either purchase seedlings at your local nursery or garden supply store or start them indoors in peat pots. However, it is recommended that you grow spinach from seed if possible as seedlings are difficult to transplant and the roots can be damaged in the process.
The soil does not need to be firm over the seeds; in fact it should be rather light and fluffy. Just be sure that the seeds are not exposed to the air and are entirely covered by soil.
Make sure to use a watering can or a light shower setting on your hose. A strong setting can disrupt the newly planted seeds and even wash them away.
As your spinach plants grow into seedlings, thin them lightly to prevent the plants from competing for space. You want the plants to be spaced far enough apart that the leaves of neighboring plants barely touch, if at all. Remove entire plants if necessary to achieve this spatial balance.
- Fertilize your plants only when necessary
If your spinach plants are growing slowly, you may want to add more of our SankalpTaru growth booster or veggie plus solution. As mentioned above, spinach likes soil rich in organic matter such as manure, alfalfa meal, soybean meal, cottonseed meal, and blood meal. Add in a few inches and water thoroughly.
As soon as the leaves grow big enough to eat, (usually about three or four inches in length and two or three inches wide) you can harvest your spinach leaves. It generally takes about six to eight weeks from planting to harvest.
- When to Plant
Direct sow in March and April and again August to the beginning of October (weather permitting). Seeds should sprout in 7-14 days.
Sow 5mm-1cm (¼-½") deep in rows spaced 45-60cm (18-24") apart, and thin to 10-15cm (4-6") apart in the row.
Humus-rich, deeply cultivated soil is key. Add plenty of well rotted compost or manure to the beds and cultivate to a depth of 20cm (8"). Dig in 1 cup of complete organic fertilizer for every 3m (10') of row. The real secret to success with turnips is speed. Sow short rows every 2-3 weeks, thin them quickly, keep them watered, harvest, and then sow some more.
Gather greens and roots from June to October. Immature seed pods are also tasty.
- Select your site
Choose a position in full sun and with soil that is of good to rich quality and drains well. The soil should have a pH of around 6.0-7.0 and should remain dry and warm. Avoid cold, wet soils as these will cause fenugreek seeds to rot.As a legume, fenugreek adds nitrogen to the soil, making it useful as a cover crop restoring nitrogen to the soil.
Decide whether to sow indoors or outdoors. The seed should not be planted outdoors until the soil temperature is around 15ºC/60ºF is spring time. The seeds should germinate within 2 days.
Harvest the pods when they have ripened. However, be sure to harvest them before they shatter.
- Seeds can be left in the sun to dry.
- Time to start
Carrots do well in cooler weather. Some "early growing" varieties should be sown in early March, while many "main crop" types do best if planted in mid-March.
- Fill your container with the planting medium
Leave one inch (25 millimeters) of empty space between the top of the media and the rim of the container.
- Mix fertilizer into the soil, if desired
Fertilizer will encourage carrot growth, but it is not necessary.
- Dig small holes in the planting medium
The holes should be about half an inch (13 millimeters) deep and spaced approximately three inches (76 millimeters) apart.
- Drop two or three carrot seeds into each hole.
- Fill the holes in with your planting medium
Do not pack the medium into the holes, since doing so may crush the seeds. Instead, lightly drop the medium into each hole.
- Thoroughly water the seeds
Do not supersaturate the medium, but add enough water to make the medium feel very wet.
- Place your pot in a location that receives partial sun and partial shade
As a root vegetable, carrots tolerate shade well. A location that receives up to six hours of sunlight each day may encourage growth better than a spot that receives none, however.
Grasp the greens near the top of the root and gently wiggle them out of place. The earlier you harvest, the sweeter the carrots will be.
- Pick the right site
Radishes should be planted in an area with full sun or partial shade, and loose, well-drained soil. Make sure your radishes are getting plenty of sunlight. However, you do need to remember that the hotter the soil, the hotter the radish, which is one reason why you shouldn't plant radishes during the main part of the summer. Another reason is that radishes will go to seed if given too much sunlight.
- Schedule your radish plantings
Radishes are a cool weather crop best planted in spring and autumn. Growing radishes during the hot summer months will cause them to bolt. You can plant your first crop a full 2 weeks before the last frost in spring, as radishes endure frost well. Stop growing when hot weather shows up. This basically means that if you're having consecutive days of 60 degrees Fahrenheit or above you should hold off on your radish planting until it gets cooler.The schedule for a typical spring radish has it that germination occurs in about 5 days, with the harvest occurring in 3 to 4 weeks. Because radishes grow so quickly, they will act as convenient row markers in your garden, so consider inter-cropping them with slow-growing vegetables.
You will want them to be about 1/2 inch (12.5 mm) deep and 1 inch (25 mm) apart. As they germinate, thin the successful seedlings to about 2 inches (5 cm) apart, allowing more space for bigger varieties. Rows should be planted about 1 foot (30 cm) apart.
Keep the radish beds moist, but not soaked. Watering radishes frequently and evenly will result in quick growth; if radishes grow too slowly, they will develop a hot, woody taste. Add compost to the radish bed as desired.
Radishes are ready to harvest when their roots are about 1 inch (2.5 cm) in diameter, although you should refer to the seed packet for the time to maturity as well. To harvest, lift the entire plant out of the ground with your hand.